Determine Property of Multiplication
When you multiply numbers together, there are four key properties (or rules) you need to follow in order to make sure your answers are correct. These are:
- The cumulative property
- The associative property
- The multiplicative identity property
- Distributive property
Learning these rules will help you to manage numbers more easily and avoid small mistakes.
The four properties of multiplication are the commutative property, the associative property, the multiplicative identity property, and the distributive property. You have to use these each time you multiply numbers, and you can use more than one rule at a time.
The commutative property of addition means that the order you multiply numbers doesn't make a difference to the final sum.
For example: 6 x 3 x 2 = 36 3 x 2 x 6 = 36 2 x 6 x 3 = 36
Whatever order we put the numbers, we still get the same result.
The associative property of multiplication means that however you group numbers (with parenthesis) the end result will not make a difference to the final sum.
4 x 5 x 2 x 3 = 120 (4 x 5) x 2 x 3 = 120 4 x (5 x 2) x 3 = 120
Also, because of the commutative property, we can shuffle the order as well and it won't change the result:
3 x 5 x (4 x 2) = 120
Multiplicative Identity Property
The multiplicative identity property means that whatever number you multiply by 1, the answer will be the original number.
8 x 1 = 8 1 x 165 = 165 7,257,398 x 1 = 7,257,398
The distributive property means that if you multiply a number by the sum of a parenthesis, it is the same as multiplying the number by each number in the parenthesis individually.
8(3 + 4) = 8(7) = 56 (8 x 3) + (8 x 4) = (24) + (32) = 56